At Hardesty Eye Care, we are committed to providing comprehensive eye care using the latest technologies. Early diagnosis is key to successfully treating macular degeneration.
Causes of Macular Degeneration
Macular degeneration affects the eye’s retina. The retina is the innermost layer of the eye, a delicate, light-sensitive layer of tissue that controls how we perceive light and color, and plays a key role in forming images of the world around us. The macula is the retina’s central portion that allows us to see objects and light in our central field of vision. In other words, the macula allows us to read, drive, recognize faces, and perform other daily activities. As we age, however, the macula can sustain damage in two ways:
Dry macular degeneration is a slow breakdown of the light-sensitive cells in the macula or central vision, leading to blurry vision and blind spots.
Wet macular degeneration can lead to rapid vision loss from leaking or bleeding abnormal blood vessels in the macula. The abnormal vessels are an attempt by the body to repair damage to rod and cone cells affected by dry macular degeneration.
Signs and Symptoms
Common symptoms of macular degeneration include:
- Blurred vision or dimness, especially when reading or looking at people’s faces.
- Loss of contrast perception and a decrease in the brightness of colors.
- Blind spots in the center field of vision.
Many patients may not even realize their vision has become compromised until one eye is covered, and symptoms can occur in one eye or both eyes. If you’re over the age of 50 and have noticed even subtle changes in your vision, schedule an appointment at Hardesty Eye Care to undergo an examination.